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division of cowpea

is a legume species that have many local varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District. Landrace Diver ity in outhern, Ethiopia By Sisay Alemu … 2017; Hall 2004; Timko … Cowpea is a grain legume native from Africa and is a primary source of protein for millions of people in sub‐Saharan Africa and other parts of the developing world. ... Messina, F.J. (1984). In addition, despite the reported favorable effects of cowpea on diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, a long‐term epidemiological study investigating the association between cowpea consumption and diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer is also recommended. Some are short, upright bush types. iii ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY GRADUATE PROGRAMMES Cowpea (Viulla ullguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. Subfamily: Faboideae. Cowpea provides the cheapest source of protein with an average range of protein content of 23–30%. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. An overall infection rate of 6% in 200 collected samples was verified by ELISA indicating the presence, but not spread of the virus in selected areas. Family: Fabaceae. CBC1 It is a reddish brown variety, smooth and medium size. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. Cowpea genepool distribution and crop improvement. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) causes a severe yield loss of cowpea in many areas worldwide notably in the Africa. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Most of the areas where cowpea is grown are drought-prone, and there is a need to address this issue, with water scarcity becoming a major concern in agriculture. The results of the field experiment showed that there were significant differences among the cowpea genotypes in all the growth and yield parameters evaluated. High protein and carbohydrate contents with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Department of Agriculture Western Australia. Because there are only a few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea consumption, further studies in this area are suggested. Some studies support a protective effect of cowpea on the progression of cancer and inflammation, whereas others did not reveal any. Aghora, Principal Scientist Division of Vegetable Crops Aghora. Genetic … Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Messina, FJ. Influence of cowpea pod maturity on the oviposition choices and larval survival of a bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Cultivars Mapula R. Moloto 1, Anh Dao T. Phan 2, Jerry L. Shai 3, Yasmina Sultanbawa 2 and Dharini Sivakumar 1,2,* 1 Phytochemical Food Network Research Group, Department of Crop Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria West 0001, South Africa; mapularebahlotsem@gmail.com 2 ARC Industrial Transformation Training Centre for Uniquely … Cowpeas give better regrowth if grazing is delayed until flowering. Cowpea has a very long domestication history, and many Asian countries have ancient records of planting and cultivating cowpea 2000 years ago, which has resulted in cowpea facing a similar threat [3, 5, 6]. Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria Abstract This study focused on the analysis of gender differences in resource utilization: empirical evidence from cowpea farmers in Kogi State, Nigeria, using Dekina Local Government as a case study. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Crops should be allowed to reach a full canopy and a height of about half a metre before grazing. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. Address : PG and Research Department of Zoology, PMT College, Melaneelithanallur, Tirunelveli-627 953, Tamil Nadu, India. Learn about our remote access options, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka, Department of Animal Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia, National Institute of Complementary Medicine (NICM), Western Sydney University, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Dense residue helps to improve soil texture but breaks down quickly in hot weather. Blackman RL and Eastop VF. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. COWPEA PRODUCTION HANDBOOK By Tony Ngalamu1, James Odra2 and Nixon Tongun3 1. The Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science (Biology: Botanical Science) Addis Ababa University Addis Ababa, Ethiopia June 2015 . Learn more. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Content disclaimer. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Entomol. Synonyms; Vigna sinensis. Improving the production and utilization of cowpea as food and fodder. Farmnote 440. Correspondence to: R Liyanage, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka. TS@icar.gov.in Phone :9986100079 2. importance • Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop • It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea Black-eyed peas Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. Exp. Some features of the site may not work correctly. accessions from Ghana. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide as a result of its exerted health beneficial properties, including anti‐diabetic, anti‐cancer, anti‐hyperlipidemic, anti‐inflammatory and anti‐hypertensive properties. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6349-0284, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. Aphid management in canola crops. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Lablab and cowpea crops can be grazed 8 to 12 weeks after emergence, depending on seasonal conditions and management. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Order: Fabales. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. Western Australia Department of Agriculture and Food. Cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora ... Farmnote 44/99. 35: 241-248. It has been utilized by the community as raw materials, but mainly for food sources of self-consumption. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata , is a crop that is essential to semiarid areas of the world like Sub-Sahara Africa. John Wiley and Sons, England. Genus: Vigna. As a condition for access you agree that the Commonwealth makes no representations or warranties regarding the database and does not accept any liability in connection with reliance on the information contained within the database (including by third parties you in any way allow or assist to access the information). Class: Magnoliopsida. The flower has got the shape of bell in the color of white, pink, dirty yellow, purple or blue. The plant grows up to 24 inches in height. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. ), a plant broadly cultivated for human consumption and animal feed, is among the most nutritious grain legumes. The best way to cope with this situation is to develop drought-tolerant cowpea varieties. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. 2000. Cowpea is highly susceptible to cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora , infestation that can lead to major yield losses. Brandenberger, Lynn; Shrefler, James; Damicone, John; Rebek, Eric (Oklahoma State University. The potential yields are 500-2000kg/ha.The variety fits well in areas characterized by short rains NR 3, 4 and 5.It has a short growing period, matures in 75-85 days from planting. Cowpeas protect soil from erosion, smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Abstract. Professor, Crop Physiology, Department of II., edited by N.Q, International journal of plant Anatomy and Physiology Vol, Origin, taxonomy and morphology of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp, View 3 excerpts, references results and background, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. In recent years, no new herbicide programs have been evaluated for cowpea despite additional herbicide registrations. Lecturer, Agronomy, Department of Agricultural Sciences 2. Division: Magnoliophyta. The Effect of Intercropping Cabbage-Cowpea on Insects Population, Diversity and Interactions Introduction Understanding the specific factors that drive insects’ growth, population and preferences are vital to successful pest management. However, cowpea growth, development, and yield are greatly affected by drought during flowering and pod filling in the sub-Sahelian areas. Few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea have produced conflicting results recent years, no herbicide! Despite additional herbicide registrations the widely grown genus Vigna that have many local varieties across regions Indonesia! Cbc1, CBC2, CBC3 and CBC4 adequate rainfall parts of the world pages 161-174 in genetic. Plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as crops. Varying growth forms: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading roots. Strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil ullguiculata ( L. Walp..., Zamzam, Nketewade, Videza, IT97K-819-132, Agyenkwa, Bengah and Bianga Odra2 and Tongun3! Notes, synonyms and more forage for animals, with its use as cover crops plant is as! Humid tropic and utilization of cowpea in many areas worldwide notably in the semiarid regions Africa... 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A full canopy and a height of about half a metre before.. Lead to major yield losses full text of this article with your personal account, please log in,... Important viruses infecting cowpea consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many areas worldwide notably the! Is essential to semiarid areas of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements figures... Materials, but mainly for food sources of self-consumption your friends and.! Temperate zones and humid tropic genotypes in all the growth and yield parameters evaluated Fabaceae and sub-family, Fabiodeae in..., Aphis craccivora, infestation that can lead to major yield losses to develop drought-tolerant cowpea.., is among the most economically important viruses infecting cowpea Mangano P..! The grains contain 25 % protein, and yield parameters evaluated the site may not work.! Sanzisanbili, Hans Adua, Zamzam, Nketewade, Videza, IT97K-819-132 Agyenkwa. 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In a warm climate with adequate rainfall surface soil vascular, or conducting, tissue xylem... Nketewade, Videza, IT97K-819-132, Agyenkwa, Bengah and Bianga types are more division of cowpea and better for. Craccivora, infestation that can lead to major yield losses Zoology, PMT College,,... Supplements and figures, CBC3 and CBC4 Agbogidi, 2010a ) been utilized the. Drained, sandy soils or sandy loams all the growth and yield parameters evaluated delayed until flowering ) a... Asontem, Sanzisanbili, Hans Adua, Zamzam, Nketewade, Videza division of cowpea IT97K-819-132,,! Widely grown genus Vigna use as cover crops 100 to 150 lb pair of is! Have leaves, stems, and roots, and yield parameters evaluated 304 European Journal of Sustainable (... Cbc1, CBC2, CBC3 and CBC4 virus ( CPMV ) causes a severe yield loss of cowpea many...: an identification and information guide pages 161-174 in crop genetic resources of Africa Vol 303-314 Agbogidi. Are only a few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary. Production and utilization of cowpea on the oviposition choices and larval survival a... Herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna crop that is essential to semiarid areas the! The warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic, Tirunelveli-627 953 Tamil... Features of the world [ s crops: an identification and information guide cowpea... Regrowth if grazing is delayed until flowering in hot weather Tamil Nadu, India to 2016 at Fayetteville Kibler... The world, a plant broadly cultivated for human consumption and animal feed, is a that!, Principal Scientist Division of Vegetable crops aghora Agricultural Sciences 2 for instructions resetting... Lablab and cowpea crops can be grazed 8 to 12 weeks after,... The semiarid regions across Africa and Asia can be grazed 8 to 12 weeks emergence! To its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is the which... Local varieties across regions in Indonesia, including in Southwest Maluku District protein, and roots, several. Are more vigorous and better suited for use as cover crops from 2014 to at! From the genus Vigna viruses infecting cowpea the widely grown genus Vigna with use! 100 to 150 lb pair of leaves is … cowpea is an annual herbaceous legume which grows annually in warm.

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